Category Archives: Crime and Punishment

Anatomy Act 1832

Anatomy Act 1832

Anatomy Act 1832 stopping dead the body snatchers

This act was originally designed to stop in it’s tracks the activities of the Resurrectionists, who due to a shortage of cadavers (human corpses) for genuine medical research were resulting via illicit means to sourcing bodies for dissection by digging-up ‘resurrecting’ newly buried deceased paupers bodies.

The Act was first placed before parliament in 1828 but failed to get passed. It was the work by Herbert Mayo, physician and Fellow of the Royal Society and an accomplished neuro-anatomist, who urged the government to reconsider it’s position following the murder of an Italian boy. His work resulted in the Anatomy Act 1832. The whole story can be read by clicking here.

The act survived into the 20th century and it was the fear of such an outcome that partly fueled the fear of life in the work houses, where the death of a pauper could yield a profit as a corpse for dissection, being dead arguably making the poor person’s body more valuable than when it was alive perhaps? This certainly fueled the fear of life in a Victorian workhouse.

The ‘Body Snatchers’ were always lurking in the shadows behind human dissection and became particularly notorious  with the activities of the murderers Burke and Hare around 1829-1830 in particular.

Anatomy Act 1832
Iron Rails around graves to deter the Resurrectionists

Whilst the Poor Law was still sentencing less fortunate souls to a life of near penal servitude the law was at last starting to recognize their rights at least when dead. A grim and bleak fact when we look back with the benefit of hindsight perhaps but a reality as well. When reflecting on so many lives lived at less than a subsistence level we might do well to reflect on the need to balance in a democratic society looking after those less fortunate and also enabling them to help themselves because no doubt the Workhouse regime was founded on such noble and draconian assumptions, whatever your politics we might do well to remember and reflect on this.




Statute Punishment  of Beggars and Vagabonds 1531

Statute Punishment of Beggars and Vagabonds 1531

Was Henry VIII and his rule kind to Beggars? How does this act reflect the longer timeline of legislative events that lead to our current day Welfare State and how far back do the roots go, a snippet in a series of linked posts, designed to piece together the evidence that led to the British Welfare State. With great relevance and resonance with our current and hard pressed economic climate…

American War, prison hulks, Joseph Banks, Australia. Connect!

The American War, Joseph Banks, prison hulks and Australia, what connects them all? Connections exist across all areas of history including our own, it’s just a matter of discovering them

Elizabeth Fry Reformer and Quaker

The work of Elizabeth Fry, Quaker and social reformer inspired others such as Florence Nightingale. Her courage and work was outstanding in a time when women were considered to have few roles outside of the family