- The First Anglo Saxon Laws
- Statute of Labourers 1351
- Great Reform Act 1832 and the riots that preceeded.
- Edward VI and Vagrancy Act 1547
- Witchcraft Act 1562
- Anatomy Act 1832
- Statute Punishment of Beggars and Vagabonds 1531
- 1908 Children’s Act
- Married Women’s Property Act 1870
- Act of Settlement 1700-1701
- Women and children – Custody of Children Act 1839
- ‘Lunatics’ and the Poor Law Act 1834
- Birth Marriage Death Registration Act 1836
- Repeal of Calico Act 1774
- Poor Law Amendment Act 1834
- Repeal of the Corn Laws 1846
- The Corn Laws 1815
- Gilberts Act 1782
- Poor Law England 1601
- Metropolitan Police Act 1839
- 1833 Factory Act
- Representation of the People Act 1918
- Abolition of Slavery Act 1833
- Education Acts of 1870, 1873, 1876, tough on poor families?
- Factory Act 1850
Education Acts 1870 1873 1876
Education Acts shape the future of social reform by bringing Education to the masses but they were also tough and a costly obligation on the poor. You might also like to explore our Social Reform theme on Intriguing History here
The Education Act of 1870 required all children aged between 5 and 13 years to attend school.
- The education provided was not free
- A family had to pay a few pence a week for each child attending.
- For poorer families, where the total weekly income left only a shilling or so after rent, then this became an intolerable burden.
- In poor families, children were important contributors to the family income, a loss of their income, whilst they attended school, caused very real hardship.
- Failure of the child to attend school would result in a visit from an inspector and a fine for the family.
- In some areas school fees would be paid for the poorest families by the school board.
School boards could decide whether or not to make attendance compulsory. By 1873 40% of schools were compulsory.
- Reform of education took many decades, the Factory Acts in the 1830’s were intended to protect children and allow them some sort of education
- Compulsory education was a momentous change in the lives of children, look at our Education and Children theme to see how other reforms impacted on the lives of children