Government and Politics
The History of British Government, Parliament and Politics and its wider impact on the history of Britain.
Parliament will train you to talk and above all other things to hear with patience unlimited quantities of foolish talk.
The Glorious Revolution of 1688, in which the King of England King James II was overthrown, was the beginning of a new era of politics. William of Orange agreed to work in a co-operative way with Parliament that brought to an end the idea of the controlling authority of the monarch.
Not all Parliamentarians were in agreement with this though and two factions evolved. The Tories and the Whigs.
The Tories were for Royalty and keeping things as they were, the Whigs for giving more power to Parliament and wanted reform.
The single British Parliament grew out of the Act of Union in 1707 when the assemblies of England and Scotland were dissolved. The power of Parliament increased and the parliamentary party system began to emerge.
The opposition between the Whigs and the Tories was to become the basis on which Parliamentary debate would be enacted and out of which would emerge our political leaders. You can find a list of British prime ministers here and discover more about who these leaders were by clicking on the link.