British Monarchs Kings and Queens

British Monarchs Kings and Queens

British Monarchs Kings and Queens

British Monarchs Kings and Queens is a handy chronological or timeline guide. You can see at a glance who was King or Queen, when and which Royal House or period that they reigned in.

  • Richard II King 1377-1399
  • Edward II King of England
  • Edward I King of England
  • Henry III Plantagenet King 1207-1272
  • King John Plantagenet of England 1199-1216
  • Richard I Coeur de Lion Plantagenet King
  • Henry II Plantagenet King of England
  • King Henry I Son of The Conqueror

There is an accompanying series of more expansive posts about each Monarch which you can directly access from the links on the Kings and Queens list.

This page is designed to be a point of connection so that we can readily scan a list that is easy to use but can also be explored in more detail as and when it suits you. The articles about each King or Queen are connected to the wider themes and periods of history, the events and people that influenced British History during a given reign. Our aim is to make this easier than is possible in a linear text, so that in less time and with more ease you can browse and choose which King or Queen, Historic Period, Royal House or related subject of British History you would like to explore.

You can also jump directly to Period of each Royal House, using the links to the name of each period, Plantagenet, Tudor, Stuart etc. If you would also like to find out, how each House and Monarch managed Government and interacted with the appointed Government of the day, then you might also like to consider Intriguing’s Government and Politics theme here.

Family Trees of the British Monarchs

The family trees of the Monarchs and their wider families as opposed to the immediate inheritance of just the Crown are incuded wihin some of the more detailed articles on the Kings and Queens. Over time we will link he verified Family Trees to the top level of the Kings and Queens List as well. Records sometimes are vague, non existent or contradictory in the wider families but we will do our utmost to provide as complete a picture as possible with notes explaining contentious issues, where they are known or disputed. An example would be, whether Edward IV was legitimate son of Richard III Duke of York and the recent DNA evidence that also suggests there is a break in the line back from Richard III which brings into doubt the exact nature of the Plantagenet inheritance from Richard as well as from Edward.

We will also be linking to the family trees for each period in due course and for each Monarch where appropriate. Simply click on the monarchs name where you see a link and you will be taken to the related article about that king or Queen.

 

British Monarchs Kings and Queens

find out more about the intriguing connections between our Monarchs their families and your history

King Henry V

King Henry V

King Henry V of England is portrayed as a a great military ruler, Shakespeare did his best to represent Henry as a ‘golden King’ but was he really a cruel and aloof man whose autocratic leadership, piety and belief he was God’s chosen put him at odds with those he ruled?

The Edwardian Era

The Edwardian Era

The Edwardian era lasted only nine years and yet it was an age of social change and political and intellectual brilliance, what happened in this ear to promote such change?

Who Was Emma of Normandy?

Who Was Emma of Normandy?

This entry is part 13 of 15 in the series Intriguing Women
This entry is part 1 of 1 in the series Kings of Denmark

Queen Emma, twice Queen of England and gatekeeper to the Norman dynasty, is one of histories most intriguing Medieval women. What was her role in the melee of Viking, Anglo Saxon and Norman rule?

Tudor Queens and the Tower of London

Tudor Queens and the Tower of London

The Tudor queens and the Tower of London had a tumultuous relationship for the fifty years of their combined reigns.

VE Day 1945 King George VI Speech

VE Day 1945 King George VI Speech

VE Day 1945 King George VI Speech an inspired reading at this week’s service in Westminster Abbey commemorating the end of WW2 in Europe VE Day on 8th May. Did you hear the The King’s Speech, how much does a national act of commemoration provide a timely reminder of the need to give back and participate and not just leave it all to the political class?

George Duke of Clarence

George Duke of Clarence

This entry is part 2 of 5 in the series House of York

George Duke of Clarence may have been the only legitimate heir in the House of York he married the Kingmaker’s daughter what happened to their children? Margaret of York, Edward Plantagenet and Richard of York were born to rank and privilege but how would their lives stand-up to the brutal times of the War of the Roses?

Richard III son of York buried in Leicester

Richard III son of York buried in Leicester

This entry is part 5 of 5 in the series House of York

Richard III son of York controversial king reinterment in 2015 in leicester. A new event on the House of York and Plantagement timeline, Whether you are a Ricardian or not, this has been a monumental week and here are some pictures resources and reflections on this intriguing moment in British history.

Richard III Bosworth

Richard III Bosworth

This entry is part 1 of 5 in the series House of York

King Richard III Bosworth Field, where the King stood and faced the army of Henry Tudor and was defeated, his crown left tumbeld under a thorn bush, his body unceremoniously dumped at Grey Friars Leicester. This week is re-buried at Leicester Cathedral.

Battle of Fulford Gate 1066

Battle of Fulford Gate 1066

This entry is part 1 of 1 in the series 1066 The Normans are Coming

Harald Hardrada or was it Hardraada (the Ruthless) conspired with the disaffected Tostig brother of the rightful King, (according to the late King Edward anyway) sets out to conquer York. Without this battle would William of Normandy have ever become King and won at Hastings? Follow the great local projects at the site of the battle and find out how history turned on what we think of as minor skirmishes but were really significant Battles. Two Battles north in 5 days and a forced march up and back down his realm can topple a King and his kingdom.

Richard II King 1377-1399

Richard II King 1377-1399

This entry is part 1 of 7 in the series Plantagenet Monarchs

Richard II son of the Black Prince and Grandson of Edward III what kind of a King would he make coming to the throne at just 9 years old, confronting the Peasants Revolt and growing-up with the burden of kingship. Follow his timeline and chronology of the events that shape his life and impact on his kingdom.

Duke of Windsor Sends his Best to Winston Churchill

Duke of Windsor Sends his Best to Winston Churchill

A British King had abdicated for the woman he loved, some 18 years later he would make a rare and awkward film appearance on the occassion of Winston Churchill’s 80th. Had the political climate thawed after the tragedy of a family divided and the Duke wanted to pay tribute and honour an old friend and loyal servant of the nation. An intriguing moment that might be repeated, see he video and follow our new Windsor period on Intriguing History.

Act of Settlement 1701

Act of Settlement 1701

Act of Settlement 1701 ensures that preference is given to Sophia and her issues as Elector of Hanover if William or Anne die without a surviving heir. In effect it bypasses the stronger hereditary claim of the Stuarts and ensues that the Enligh Monarch will remain Protestant.

British Monarchs Kings and Queens Chronology and Timeline

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ReignMonarchPeriod
Anglo Saxon period
??? - 530Cerdic
552 - 616Ethelbert
688 - 726 Ine
757 - 796Offa
796 - 821Cenwulf of Mercia
House of Wessex
802 - 839EgbertWessex
839 - 858Aethelwulf Wessex
858 - 860AethelbaldWessex
860 - 866AethelbertWessex
866 - 871AethelredWessex
871 - 899Alfred the GreatWessex
899 - 925Edward the ElderWessex
925 - 940AthelstanWessex
940 - 946EdmundWessex
946 - 955EadredWessex
955 - 959EadwigWessex
959 - 975EdgarWessex
975 978Edward the MartyrWessex
979 - 1013Ethelred the UnreadyWessex
1013 - 1014Sweyn ForkbeardDenmark I
1014 - 1016Ethelred the UnreadyWessex
1016 - 1016 (Apr-Nov)Edmund IronsideWessex
House of Denmark
1016 - 1035 Cnut CanuteDenmark II
1035 - 1040Harold I HarefootDenmark II
1040 - 1042HarthacnutHarthacnutDenmark II
1042 - 1066Edward ConfessorWessex
1066 -1066 (Jan-Dec)Harold IIWessex
The Normans 1066 to 1154
1066 1087William INorman
1087 - 1100William IINorman
1100 - 1135 Henry I Norman
1135 - 1154Stephen I Norman
1141 - 1141 (Apr-Nov)Matilda Daughter of Henry I and Matilda II (Daughter of Malcolm III. Norman Known as Empress in 1114 due to her marriage to the Holy Roman emperor Henry V. 1128 she married Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou her husband was 10 years younger and they would have 3 sons. Together they would found the Plantagenets a formidable and unbroken line of English Monarchs.
Plantagenet Period 1154-1399
1154 - 1189Henry II Plantagenet
1189 - 1199Richard IPlantagenet
1199 - 1216 John Plantagenet
1216 - 1272Henry IIIPlantagenet
1272 - 1307Edward IPlantagenet
1307 - 1327Edward IIPlantagenet
1327 - 1377Edward IIIPlantagenet
1377 - 1399Richard II
Plantagenet King son of the Black Prince and Joan of Kent, Grandson of Edward III and his Queen Philippa of Hainault.
Richard II King of England from 9 years old
House of Lancaster1399 - 1485
1399 - 1413Henry IVLancaster
1413 - 1422Henry VLancaster
1422 - 1461Henry VILancaster
House of York1461-1485
1461 - 1483Edward IV
Son of Richard 4th Duke of York and Cecily ...Edward is the 1st York King with claims to Royal bloodlines from both sets of grand-parents.
Edward IV 1st King of the House of York
1483 (not crowned)Edward VYork
1483 - 1485Richard IIIYork
The Tudors
1485 - 1509Henry VIITudor
1509 - 1547Henry VIIITudor
1547 - 1553Edward VITudor
1553Jane GreyTudor
1553 - 1558Mary ITudor
1558 - 1603Elizabeth ITudor
Stuarts I
1603 1625James IStuart
1625 - 1649Charles IStuart
Commonwealth
1649 - 1658Oliver CromwellCommonwealth
1658 - 1659Richard CromwellCommonwealth
Stuart Period continued
1660 - 1685Charles IIStuart
1685 - 1688James IIStuart
1689 - 1702William IIIStuart
1689 - 1694MaryStuart
1702 - 1714AnneStuart
House of Hanover
Georgian PeriodGeorgian Monarchs
1714-1837
House of Hanover
1714 - 1727George IHanover
1727 - 1760George IIHanover
1760 - 1820George IIIHanover
1820 - 1830George IVHanover
1830 - 1837William IVHanover
Victorian PeriodVictorian Period 1837-1901
1837 - 1901VictoriaHanover
Edwardian PeriodEdwardian Era
1901-1910
1901 - 1910Edward VIIEdwardian
House of Windsor
1910 - 1936George VWindsor
1936 (not crowned)Edward VIIIWindsor
1936 - 1952George VIWindsor
1952 - presentElizabeth IIWindsor
Richard II King of England from 9 years old