|1147 - 1219||William Marshall|
Knight politician under King John
|1167 - 1216||King John|
King of England who sealed Magna Carta
|1445 - 1527||Jane Shore|
Mistress of King Edward IV
|1485 - 1540||Thomas Cromwell|
English lawyer and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540. Cromwell was one of the strongest and most powerful advocates of the English Reformation
|1494 - 1536||William Tyndale|
English scholar who became a leading figure in Protestant reform under King Henry VIII until he was executed. He is well known for his translation of the Bible into English
|1552 - 1634||Edward Coke|
English barrister and judge who opposed James I and authored the Petition of Right
|1624 - 1691||George Fox |
English dissenter and Founder of the Society of Friends (Quakers)
|1644 - 1718||William Penn Theologian Lawyer|
The son of an admiral and landowner, he was educated in theology and the law. In his twenties he converted to the Quaker religion and was jailed several times for his resistance to the Church of England. In 1681, he received a royal charter to form a new colony in America, to be named Pennsylvania; he envisioned this territory as a peaceful refuge for members of all religious beliefs.
|1660 - 1731||Daniel Defoe. Writer, journalist and dissenter. Educated at Newington Green Academy, Defoe is probably best known for his book, Robinson Crusoe. He was however at heart a trader who believed that trade was the most noble, most instructive and improving of anyway of life. He was a man of his time who thought that all hope for Britain's future lay in its ability to trade with the rest of the world.||Writer, trader, journalist.
|1689 - 1762||Mary Wortley Montagu Writer and Social Reformer|
Aristocrat, writer and social reformer.
|Writer Social Reformer
|1697 - 1764||William Hogarth. Engraver, painter, satirist and social critic who dared to poke and prod the deepest and darkest aspects of life as he saw it. His series of moral works, The Harlots Progress and The Rakes Progress brought him instant recognition.||Engraver, Painter, Social Critic.
|1709||Dr Samuel Johnson, (1709 - 1784) great lexicographer||
|1728 - 1779||James Cook|
Captain in the Royal Navy, scientist, cartographer and explorer
|Naval Officer Cartographer explorer
|1743 - 1820||Joseph Banks|
British explorer and naturalist, and one of the great men of his age. As long-time President of the Royal Society he steered the course of British science for the first part of the 19th century.
|1749 - 1806||Charlotte Turner Smith||Poet, Novelist whose hard life did not diminish her but seemed to spur her to write. Wordsworth identified her as having an important influence on the Romantic Movement.
|1746 - 1815||James Lackington. Bookseller who owned a book shop called the 'Temple of the Muses' and who through selling books cheaply, revolutionised the sale of books and who saw reading as enlightenment.||Bookseller, trader, author.
|1759 - 1833||William Wilberforce|
English politician, philanthropist, and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade.
|1770 - 1852||Sarah Guppy Engineer|
In 1811 she patented the first of her inventions, a method of making safe piling for bridges. She was a friend of Isambard Kingdom Brunel and gave him and the government advice on the GWR.
|1780 - 1845||Elizabeth Fry|
English prison reformer, social reformer and, as a Quaker, a Christian philanthropist
|1799 - 1847||Mary Anning Fossil Hunter|
Dorset fossil dealer and palaeontologist who became famous for her discovery of the first ichthyosaur skeleton.
|1805 - 1865||Robert Fitzroy|
Royal Naval Officer. Captain of HMS Beagle with Darwin. Scientist and meteorologist who created an accurate way of forecasting weather for sailors.
|Naval Officer Scientist
|1815 -1852||Ada Lovelace|
English mathematician who worked with Charles Babbage on his early mechanical computer
|1819 - 1891||Joseph Bazalgette|
Engineer who built London's sewers and embanked the Thames.
|1827 - 1912||Joseph Lister|
British surgeon and pioneer of the use of antiseptics in surgery.
|1828 - 1906||Josephine Butler|
Feminist and social reformer who was especially concerned with the welfare of prostitutes.She campaigned against child prostitution and against the Contagious Diseases Acts which allowed women suspected of being prostitutes to be forceably examined. She also campaigned on educational issues.
|Feminist Social Reformer
|1831 - 1904||Isabella Bird|
English explorer, writer, photographer and naturalist. She worked with Josephine Butler on various social issues.
|Writer Explorer naturalist social reformer
|1855 - 1926||Dorothy Tennant Stanley|
Victorian neo-classicist painter who married Henry Stanley the explorer. She was also an author.
|1862 - 1900||Mary Kingsley Writer and Scientist|
Ethnographic and Science writer who explored and wrote about Africa among the founders of the Royal African Society. She was the niece of Charles Kingsley the writer.
|1871 - 1962||Ethel Mary Charles |
First woman to be admitted to the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 1898.
|1876 - 1928||Eglantyne Jebb Founder of Save the Children Social Reformer||Social Reformer
|1894 - 1978||Victoria Drummond First woman marine engineer in Britain||Engineer
|1908 - 1964||Ian Fleming Author of James Bond Novels|
In WW2 Ian Fleming received a commission in the Royal Navy and worked for British Naval Intelligence. Eventually serving as the assistant to Admiral John Godfrey, the director of Naval Intelligence. He learnt about espionage and after the war became an author, writing the James Bond novels.