20th Century 1900-1999
The history of the 20th Century is dominated by the World Wars. Events that came before them and after them are skewed by the wars themselves.
20th Century Timeline
This interactive timeline will be evolving during the early part of 2015.
|1900||The Khaki Election in which a Conservative Unionist government were confirmed in power.||Government|
|1901||Queen Victoria Died and King Edward VII ascends the throne.||Monarchy|
|1895-1902||Conservative Government: PM is Marquess of Salisbury|
Robert Gascoyne - Cecil
|1902||Robert Cecil, Lord Salisbury, retired from politics.||Government|
|1902||Education Reform Act||Law and Society|
|1903||Joseph Chamberlain launched his campaign for tariff reform.||Government, law|
|1902-1905||Conservative government with PM Andrew Balfour||Government|
|1905-1908||Liberal government with PM Sir Henry Campbell Bannerman||Government|
|1909||Constitutional Crisis People’s Budget 1909 Lloyd George's budget was being blocked by the House of Lords dominated by the Conservatives. The Lords were blocking true democracy as an unelected body opposing the will of the 'elected' House of Commons. It would take two General Elections and the death of the King but eventually the democratic principle would be upheld in the Parliament Act.||Government|
|1908-1915||Liberal government in lead-up to war with Herbert (HH) Asquith as PM||Government|
|1910||King Edward VII died and George V, his eldest surviving son succeeds him. See Edwardian Period and Era 1901-1910and period and/or House of Windsor 1910 onwards||Monarchy|
|1914-1918||WW1 World War I||War and conflict|
|1915-1916||Lib Government of Herbert Asquith relected||Government|
|1916||Ireland Home Rule and Easter Rising.||War and conflict|
|1916-1922||Liberal Government with reforming David Lloyd George as PM||Government|
|1917||Balfour Declaration Issued by British Government||Government and International Relations and Empire|
|1919||Paris Peace Conference 1919 after World War 1 setup to deal with post war peace making after the armistice had been called. The end of conflict was in sime ways just the beginning o the problems that would follow and be at least a contributing factor to the cause of WW2.||War and Conflict and Government|
|1922-1923||Conservative government led by Andrew Bonar Law||Government|
|1922||Winston Churchill hosts 1st Cairo Conference and is working with Gertrude Bell and T E Lawrence.||International Relations and Government|
|1923-1924||Conservative government led by Stanley Baldwin||Government|
|1924 Jan-Nov||Labour Government Ramsay MacDonald||Government|
|1924-1929||Conservative Government led by Stanley Baldwin||Government|
|1929-1931||Labour Government led by Ramsay MacDonald||Government|
|1931-1935||Labour Government led by Ramsay MacDonald||Government|
|1935-1937||,strong>Conservative Government led Stanley Baldwin oversees the country through the Abdication Crisis and the new King George VI crowned.||Government|
|1936||King George V died, Edward VII proclaimed King but not crowned. There is an Abdication crisis as the King wishes to marry twice divorced American Mrs Simpson. His brother Duke of York becomes King. Edward VII (David) leaves country marries mistress and becomes Duke of Windsor.||Monarchy|
|1937-1939||Neville Chamberlain Prime MinisterNeville Chamberlain||Government|
|1939-1940||Conservative government: Neville Chamberlain 2nd brief term as Appeasement fails he resigns.||Government|
|1945 May-July||Winston Churchill||Government|
|1945-1951||Labour Government led by Clement Attlee||Government|
|1951-1955||Sir Winston Churchill||Government|
|1955-1957||Conservative Government led by Sir Anthony Eden||Government|
|1956||Suez Crisis (Tripartite Aggression) Britain is not supported by the US which prefers a peaceful solution.||War and Conflict and Government International Relations|
|1957-1963||Conservative Government: Harold Macmillan||Government|
|1963-1964||Sir Alec Douglas Home||Government|
|1964-1970||Labour Government Harold Wilson||Government|
|1970-1974||Conservative Government led by Edward Heath. Britain joins the European Economic Community. The industrial action and strife would lead to an enforced restriction on commercial organisations of no more than 3 consecutive days consumption of electricity per working week to conserve electricity, with exemptions for some essential services.||Government|
|1990-1997||Conservative Government led by John Major||Government|
|1990-1991||Gulf War leads to toppling of the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.||War and Conflict, International Relations, Governemnt|
|1997-2007||New Labour Government led by Tony Blair||Government|
|1998||Irish Problems: Good Friday Agreement||War and Conflict Government International Affairs|
Empire of the last century was at its peak but how will it transform in the 20th Century?
Empire still dominates the beginning of this century but conditions for the labouring classes gets harder and harder in Europe, as countries swing between nationalism and empire.
The Boxer Rebellion is defeated and the Boer War ends. Russia and Japan squabble over Korea and Manchuria, in fact there are squabbles all over the world, a certain discontent amongst the nations as powerful leaders push hard against each other.
On the streets, people are demanding universal suffrage.In America and Britain workers are in dispute and strikes and unions become part of working life.
In Russia, strikes, peasant uprisings in many provinces, revolutionary movements among national minorities and rebellions in the armed forces are developing.
Queen Victoria dies and society in Britain changes as a result. The Edwardian Period begins and Edward VII ascends the throne.
Albert Einstein submits a paper in which he develops his argument for E=mc2 and the Wright brothers experiment with engine powered flight.
Electricity, automobiles and radio changes the world for everyone
Political norms are changing all over the world. Britain’s Parliament Act makes it possible for the House of Commons to pass legislation without the approval of the House of Lords, revolutionizing British politics, the centre of power moves from the elite to the people. The Irish question is tackled, Britain’s House of Commons passes “Home Rule”, legislation designed to give a measure of self-government and dominion status to “Southern Ireland,” what will eventually become the Irish Free State.
Country upon country declare war as Germans agree to defend their ‘homeland’ at all costs
World War I grips the world and all things change irrevocably. The map of the world changes.
America and other nations fall into depression, Russia faces it’s greatest challenge at the hands of Lenin and Stalin. Women gain the vote in Britain and forge new employment opportunities for themselves.
Chancellor Hitler delivers his
“Proclamation to the German Nation” It begins: “More than fourteen years have passed since the unhappy day when the German people, blinded by promises from foes at home and abroad, lost touch with honor and freedom, thereby losing all.”
- The world is once again thrown into turmoil, the war ends with a chaotic mess in it’s wake. The iron curtain rises and a new war, a Cold War emerges, in which suspicion and cynicism mark political decisions.
- The race for space begins with the Russians and the Americans vying with each other for supremacy.
- The Israeli Palestinian problems becomes critical. Racial tensions mount in America.
- Music, art and literature change our culture. The swinging sixties throws life into a vortex of sexual and political revolution.
- The Vietnam War exposes America and television allows the conflict to spill out into our homes.
- Terrorism becomes a commonly used word in Britain as the Irish conflict brings acts of terror to British streets.
- Supersonic flight becomes possible with the production of the Concord aircraft.
- Problems in the Middle East threaten security around the world.
- Women finally get to vote
Berners Lee invents the world wide web and life is never the same again