7th century 600-699 CE

The 7th century was a time of Anglo Saxon rule in Britain

When Bede was writing in the 8th Century he tells us about the rulers in the centuries preceding. He refers to the Bretwalda, a person who wields great power, not just over his own kingdom but far wider.

  • England as an Heptarchy
  • Early Historical Documents and Chronicles
  • Eadbald King of Kent circa 616-640
  • Dumnonia and Dumnonii the Kingdom and People
  • King Ine of Wessex 688-726
  • Evolution of the Anglo Saxon Chronicle
  • Saxon Guilds and Livery Companies

In this century two great Bretwalda’s emerge, Aethelbert of Kent, the first ‘royal’ who converted to Christianity and Raedwald of East Anglia, whose remains it is thought lie in the famous Sutton Hoo burial.

7th century kingdoms emerge in Britain

As the century progressed there was a shift of power from the south to the north but this was not to last long because as fast as the Northumbrians were rising, the kingdom of Mercia was rising faster and came to dominate.

The ruler Penda of Mercia and his descendants stopped the southwards march of the Northumbrian lords and felt powerful enough to call themselves Kings of the southern English.

The claim was short lived though as the Wessex kings swept in with force and resolution so that by the end of the century, through leaders such as Caedwalla and Ine, the south was in control again.

7th century Christian missionaries from Ireland are beginning to evangelize across England.

The king of Essex, Sigebert converted to Christianity and there is a belief that aligning with Christianity brings power and credibility to these new leaders.

Religion in the 7th century.

Across the world other religions begin to emerge. Muhammad the Prophet begins to preach in this century firstly in his home town of Mecca. The Islamic faith is born and almost immediately there is conflict around the holy city of Mecca. By 660, the Koran is published for the first time.

In 694 King Ine gave Wessex it’s first law code

It lays down separate laws for his Anglo Saxon and his British people, showing that the two groups were not yet fully integrated.

Our 7th century British chronology and timelines are being created and curated but already via each century page you can quickly locate our collections for each 100 years of history. These will evolve as we explore topical themes, but if you are looking for something you can’t see here then please feel free to contact us and request, Thanks for taking a look.

 

The First Anglo Saxon Laws

The First Anglo Saxon Laws

This entry is part 1 of 16 in the series Statutes of Law

King Ine was ruler of Wessex in the C8th and wrote what are considered to be the first Anglo Saxon laws.

England as an Heptarchy

England as an Heptarchy

7 Kingdoms Making 1 England with Alfred uniting the enterprise and the Vikings creating the climate in which English Unification was a better option that continuing domination of the Vikings. The Kingdoms hold the key into how these regions fought and conquered and rose up against the invaders to reverse the fortunes of England and set in place what would hold until the Norman Conquest, how would we turn the corner and become one people as Bede had alluded to…

Early Historical Documents and Chronicles

Early Historical Documents and Chronicles

have you heard of Bede? Wondered how we know what happened in the Anglo Saxon Period. Got a pet interest in early history of the British and the places in which they lived worked, fought and played? Then accessing these crucial early resources will be great for you and your history interests. A brief survey will give you the overview and find out about forthcoming eBooks which will help you further utilise these resources wihtout having to read then cover to cover…

King Ine of Wessex 688-726

King Ine of Wessex 688-726

King Ine started British Law Code and ruled in Wessex, founding the stone church at Gastonbury Abbey and abdicating to go on a pilgrimage Rome, He did not expand his dominion of Wessex but he made other notable contributions and was committed to the early Christian Church.

Evolution of the Anglo Saxon Chronicle

Evolution of the Anglo Saxon Chronicle

The Anglo Saxon Chronicles evolved over several hundred years to become the unique resource of early historical accounts we can access online today. Read them carefully and with related documents and sources across place and time and subject and you can make some intriguing connections to the areas of history that you are interested in, find out about their origin and access them online from here…you can read the translations studya nd interpret yourself, not just rely on the layers of opinion much of which is founded on these early sources.

Iona heart of Celtic Christianity

Iona heart of Celtic Christianity

Iona the centre of the development of Celtic Christianity the base with Lindisfarne from which Pagan Northumbria is converted, possible place of creation of the masterpiece and artefact of illuminated manuscript the Book of Kells leaving an enduring imprint on our history…